By Evelien Keizer
This is often the 1st textbook on practical Discourse Grammar, a lately constructed concept of language constitution which analyses utterances at 4 autonomous degrees of grammatical illustration: pragmatic, semantic, morphosyntactic and phonological. The publication bargains a truly systematic and hugely obtainable creation to the idea: following the top-down association of the version, it takes the reader step by step even though many of the degrees of study (from pragmatics all the way down to phonology), whereas while delivering a close account of the interplay among those assorted degrees. the various routines, labeled in accordance with measure of trouble, make sure that scholars are challenged to exploit the speculation in an inventive demeanour, and invite them to check and overview the idea by means of employing it to the recent facts in a variety of linguistic contexts.
Evelien Keizer makes use of examples from a number of assets to illustrate how the idea of useful Discourse Grammar can be utilized to examine and clarify an important practical and formal beneficial properties of present-day English. The ebook additionally includes examples from a wide selection of alternative typologically assorted languages, making it appealing not just to scholars of English linguistics yet to someone attracted to linguistic thought extra often.
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Extra resources for A Functional Discourse Grammar for English
Again, the ﬁrst step is the selection of the relevant frames. An example of such a frame can be found in (10) (given in bold print): (10) (π p1: (π ep1: (π e1: [(f1: ♦) (x1)A (x2)U]: σ e): σ ep): σ p)ç where π = one or more operators σ = one or more modiﬁers (at the layer of e, ep, and p, respectively) ♦ = lexical primitive functioning as the head ç = the function of the linguistic unit This would be the frame used for an utterance like That big dog chased our cat, which designates an action (as a special kind of State-of-Affairs) involving a 2 Hengeveld and Mackenzie (2008) distinguish a few more layers at the Representational Level, which, for practical reasons, will not be included here.
8) A: Get out of here! B: Don’t talk to me like that! The Interpersonal Level will be discussed in more detail in Chapter 3. 3. The Representational Level The Representational Level deals with the semantic aspects of a linguistic unit. The term ‘semantics’ is used in a very speciﬁc way in FDG, in that it is restricted to the ways in which language relates to (represents) the real or imagined world it describes. This means that at the Representational Level we ﬁnd all the information about real or imagined entities that is required for a successful communication and that does not depend on the identity of or relation between the speech participants, that is, all the information needed to describe (or ‘designate’) those entities (or sets of entities) that play a role in the message that the Speaker wishes to convey.
Note that the same bit of news 24 2. THE GENERAL ARCHITECTURE OF FDG could also have been delivered in an entirely different way. The Speaker might, for instance, have used the sentence I hear Tom is ill. Here the Speaker conveys exactly the same information (‘Tom is ill’), this time, however, indicating that he/she did not receive this news ﬁrst-hand, possibly with the intention of inviting the Addressee to conﬁrm the news and to provide further details. Since all these aspects are part of the Speaker’s immediate communicative intention, they are represented in the Conceptual Component.
A Functional Discourse Grammar for English by Evelien Keizer