By Gail Maria Coelho
Read or Download A grammar of Betta Kurumba PDF
Best linguistics books
Le français recèle des centaines, voire des milliers, de mots issus de personnages historiques, littéraires ou mythologiques. Outre l'historique de ces mots, ce livre retrace l. a. biographie ou le destin littéraire de quantité de personnages, connus ou inconnus, dont notre langue proceed de perpétuer le nom de façon inattendue, parfois indéchiffrable.
English self-forms and similar phrases from different Germanic languages (e. g. Dutch zelf, Swedish själv, and so forth. ) are utilized in various features: as ‘intensifiers’ (e. g. The president himself made the choice) and as markers of reflexivity (John criticized himself). at the foundation of a comparative syntactic and semantic research, this ebook addresses the query of why such it seems that assorted services might be expressed by way of an identical be aware.
- 201 Arabic Verbs (201 Verbs Series)
- Vowel-Shifting in the English Language An Evolutionary Account
- Elements of the Kato language
- C# 4.0 in a Nutshell: The Definitive Reference
Extra resources for A grammar of Betta Kurumba
13 The three sets are mutually exclusive; they never occur together in the same word. They also mark the end of a verb; only clitics can be attached after them. 28 Subject agreement markers occur immediately after realis and irrealis themes, inflectional aspect markers /-o, -o, -na/ and negative /-il/ . There are restrictions on which of the three sets of subject agreement markers can occur after these suffixes; as shown in Table 5. 6. 1. PN markers PN markers consist of a varied list of suffixes that are used to form different paradigms for different functional categories.
8: Irrealis theme + PN paradigm ya:ri ‘call’ Older variants Newer variants 1 sg yarpiya yarpi 2 sg yarpi -3 sg yarpa -1 pl yarpiya yarpiyo yarpo 2, 3 pl yarpiyo yarpo 31 argu ~ ergu ‘sleep’ Older variants Newer variants ariya arwi arwi -arwa -ariya ariyo arwo ariyo arwo The irrealis paradigm (with its variants) is also used after progressive /-o/, as shown in Table 9. 9: PN paradigm after the progressive marker 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg 1 pl 2, 3 pl ya:ri ‘call’ Older variants Newer variants yartoiya yartoi yartoi -yartoa -yartoiya yartoo yartoiyo yartoiyo yartoo argu ~ ergu ‘sleep’ Older variants Newer variants eroiya eroi eroi -eroa -eroiya eroo eroiyo eroiyo eroo /-na/ ‘perfect aspect’ differs from the other suffixes in that it can take two PN marker paradigms, the realis PN paradigm and the irrealis PN paradigm.
In (32b), the speaker uses /-ni/ with the irrealis theme when assuring the listener that she will perform an action. In (32c), the speaker, who is a tiger uses /- ni/ with the irrealis theme, when threatening to kill his victim. 32a) “niniya nnt pn tannan nawe. able-inf neg-3sg “I told you yesterday! 110) b) c) “na biaka bupni. nm “I’ll come later.
A grammar of Betta Kurumba by Gail Maria Coelho