By Elizabeth Pearce
This booklet describes the Unua language of Malakula, Vanuatu. The island of Malakula is understood to have, or to have had, a complete of approximately forty precise languages of which fewer than part were defined. The seven hundred or so audio system of Unua also are fluent audio system of Bislama and the domain names of use for Unua have gotten extra constrained. Unua is therefore endangered and the documentation of the language in its current shape is especially well timed.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Unua
The examples in (34) show vowel initial roots giving rise to two-vowel sequences not attested in mono-morphemic words: (34) 23 The attachment of the transitive suffix to verbs roots ending in /e/ gives rise to a further two-vowel sequence not otherwise attested in mono-morphemic words: (35) /e + i/: i-ke-i ‘3SG-see-TR’ i-rse-i ‘3SG-grate-TR’ i-rve-i ‘3SG-pull-TR’ i-pre-i ‘3SG-take-TR’ Another case in which the addition of a suffix can give rise to a further two-vowel sequence is with the nominalizer -en.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 6. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 5. 6. 3. 1. 2. 4. 1. 2. 3. 5. 1. 2. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 4. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 3. au/collections/EP1. 1. xxx, where ‘A/a’ are alphabetic letter codes and ‘xxx’ identify line numbers. The alphabetic codes are identified in the following table, along with the names of the tellers of the jirvaren, the title, the year of the recording and the length of the recording in minutes and seconds: 2.
The voiced bilabial trill is also prenasalized. With the fricatives, /s/ is only sporadically and unpredictably produced as a voiced variant, but both /β/ and /ɣ/ tend to be voiceless in initial and final position and are usually voiced in intervocalic position. Thus both the bilabial and the velar fricatives are subject to contextual voicing conditions and the dental fricative is not. I have chosen to represent the former as the voiced variants, /β/ and /ɣ/, to reflect their contrasting behaviour with the apparently non-contextually conditioned use of the voiceless /s/ for the dental fricative.
A Grammar of Unua by Elizabeth Pearce