By Yael Hashiloni-Dolev
This publication offers the findings of a learn into the social shaping of reproductive genetics in Germany and Israel, enormously attention-grabbing social settings, which percentage a hectic heritage.
Based on quite a few empirical fabrics (including in-depth interviews with genetic counsellors and survey information on their practices and reviews, in addition to research of criminal, non secular, specialist and media texts), the research finds dramatic modifications among the best way that the German and Israeli societies tackle the query of a existence (un)worthy of residing: whereas in Germany, social, cultural, non secular and felony stipulations limit the choice of embryos in accordance with prenatal analysis, in Israel they strongly inspire it.
A shut comparative research of the ways in which those societies deal with the fragile stability among the standard and sanctity of existence illuminates the debate round reproductive genetics in an unique and provocative means. The learn can also be leading edge in its use of up to date social thought in regards to the politics of existence in comprehending the diversities among societies situated at contrary extremes of their adoption of reproductive genetics. It hence deals an unique cross-cultural dialogue pertaining to present-day techno-medical manipulations of lifestyles itself.
‘This is a special and brave publication. Yael Hashiloni-Dolev studied the sector of reproductive genetics in Israel and Germany, and located out that whereas in Germany social, cultural, felony and non secular stipulations limit the choice of embryos in line with prenatal prognosis, it truly is strongly inspired in Israel. This unforeseen discovering is brilliantly analyzed by way of the writer. therefore this glorious ebook needs to be learn and mentioned via social scientists, human geneticists, genetic counsellors, bio ethicists and clinical students.'
Benno Müller – Hill, Dr. rer. nat. em. Prof. on the Institute of Genetics of the collage of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
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Extra resources for A Life (Un)Worthy of Living: Reproductive Genetics in Israel and Germany
As in the rest of this book, in this chapter, I will also not employ a sharp distinction between the fundamental concepts and ideas of medical genetics and its institutions. Socio-historical and cultural factors take on a life of their own, become institutionalized and form the world of prenatal medical genetics in which moral reasoning, budgeting and institutional arrangements work together and mutually affect one another in various ways. Thus, before getting to know how this field is organized today and the contemporary opportunities and constraints embodied in it, let us look back in history, in order to learn how it became the way it is and what was the process of its institutionalization.
The comparative analysis applied in this work helps to fight this tendency by taking a fresh look at what, from within specific cultures, seem to be solid practices that offer no alternatives. This results from the fact that the comparative method builds on the assumption that cultural differences help to unveil the taken for granted social order (Lamont, 1992), since by looking from the perspectives of two cultures, the researcher is supplied with vantage points that enable the estrangement of social attitudes and practices.
Thus, culture is constitutive of human praxis, institutions and organizations, as it is the symbolic work we produce to reproduce ourselves. Traditionally, the explanatory power of “culture” has been conceptualized with concepts such as shared values or interests. These concepts overlooked the factor of social agency and perceived culture to be quite static and homogeneous. Later models have shifted attention toward conceptions of culture as affecting behavior by providing repertoires of practices, tastes, skills and capacities (Bourdieu, 1977, 1984; Swidler, 1986).
A Life (Un)Worthy of Living: Reproductive Genetics in Israel and Germany by Yael Hashiloni-Dolev