By John, R Graham
A evaluation of Taxes and company Finance investigates the results of taxation on company finance concentrating on how taxes have an effect on company guidelines and company worth. a standard subject matter is that tax ideas have an effect on company incentives and judgements. A moment emphasis is on study that describes how taxes have an effect on bills and advantages. A evaluation of Taxes and company Finance explores the a number of avenues for taxes to impact company judgements together with capital constitution judgements, organizational shape and restructurings, payout coverage, reimbursement coverage, hazard administration, and using tax shelters. the writer presents a theoretical framework, empirical predictions, and empirical proof for every of those parts. every one part concludes with a dialogue of unanswered questions and attainable avenues for destiny learn. A evaluate of Taxes and company Finance is effective examining for researchers and pros in company finance, company governance, public finance and tax coverage.
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Additional info for A Review of Taxes and Corporate Finance
1). The Tepper incentive for DBs to hold bonds increases with the diﬀerence between personal tax rates on interest and equity income. Prediction 6 Deﬁned beneﬁt pension plans have an incentive to hold bonds (equity) that increases (decreases) in the corporate tax rate, while the rest of the ﬁrm has the reverse incentive. Frank (2002) ﬁnds evidence consistent with the Black (1980) case: she ﬁnds that DB bond holdings increase with a simulated corporate marginal tax rate. She does not ﬁnd evidence consistent with the Tepper argument.
To the extent that results based on MIPS interest carry over to debt interest, ﬁnding τP = 16% for the marginal debt investor is intriguing. 1), which is a rough estimate of the tax beneﬁt of the last dollar of interest deduction (ignoring all costs). , MC should equal MB), quite close to the τP = 16% MIPS estimate. As argued by Green and Holliﬁeld (2003), it would only take fairly small costs of bankruptcy to equalize the costs and beneﬁts of debt, creating an environment conducive to an equilibrium with internal optimal debt ratios.
This incentive for low-tax rate ﬁrms to lease is magniﬁed when depreciation is accelerated, relative to straight line depreciation. Further, the alternative minimum tax (AMT) system can provide an additional incentive for a lessee to lease, in order to remove some depreciation from its books and stay out of AMT status altogether. There are other tax eﬀects that can reinforce or oﬀset the incentive for low tax rate ﬁrms to lease. Lessors with relatively large tax rates receive a relatively large tax beneﬁt of debt, which provides an additional incentive (to borrow to) buy an asset and lease it to the lessee.
A Review of Taxes and Corporate Finance by John, R Graham