A Transformational Grammar of Modern Literary Arabic by M. Z. Kebbe PDF

By M. Z. Kebbe

ISBN-10: 0710305729

ISBN-13: 9780710305725

First released in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.

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Either imperfective meaning or relative non-past time). Hence the slogan that aspect and relative tense are incorporated within the perfective / imperfective distinction. Another point particularly germane to this issue is that verbs exhibiting the imperfective are distinguished from those exhibiting the perfective by a set of prefixes and bound clitics. These vary according to person, number, and gender as illustrated in table 66. The prefixes and bound clitics (pertaining to the imperfective) are listed in tables 67 and 68 respectively, and those associated with the perfective are listed in table 69.

Akala may, or may not, be followed by an object NP(16). Second, since it is not clear in Arabic which categories form constituents and which do not, it seems more profitable to arrange the major grammatical categories in positions where they may be immediately dominated by S in such a way that sentences are generated with the unmarked order of VSO(17). axi:h ## VERB + NP + Adj + PP Majdi faithful to brother his (Majdi is faithful to his brother) Note that in 40-43 the verb ka:na shows up only in 41 where the sentence is marked for the past, whereas in 42 and 43 it has been deleted by T-copula deletion since these two sentences meet the necessary structural description for the rule to apply.

The well-formedness of 53-55 above, however, is achieved by observing the condition stipulated on reflexives in imperative clauses, namely the presence of two coreferential NPs(24). The most important argument for incorporating a presentential IMP in Arabic PS rules suggests itself by the fact that verbs take specific forms when marked for the imperative. These forms are morphologically derivable, and are sensitive to the original verb root. The clitics that mark imperative verbs may be written as follows(25): # = word boundary (Table 59) Table 60 shows a comparison between the perfective, the imperfective and the imperative forms of some Arabic verbs with various roots: (Table 60) Table 59 shows the set of clitics with which the verbs marked for the imperative may end(26).

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A Transformational Grammar of Modern Literary Arabic by M. Z. Kebbe


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