By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy
During this quantity best researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its matters comprise the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal point; the connection among which means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of alternative subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its targets are to supply a complete imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive houses of adjectives and adverbs, to spotlight the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and designated integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the publication with an outline of present study prior to introducing and contextualizing the remainder chapters. The paintings is geared toward students and complex scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it is going to additionally attract researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition drawn to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.
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Extra info for Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse
1 Introduction Patterns in adjective ordering have long been noted, and have been characterized in impressionistic semantic terms: “inherent” properties are expressed closer to the noun (Whorf 1945), or “objective” properties are (Hetzron 1978). g. Sproat and Shih 1991). Cinque (1994) suggests that these orders can be captured in terms of a layered functional structure in the DP: diﬀerent layers of nominal structure correspond to the attachment sites of diﬀerent categories of adjective. Scott (2002) and Laenzlinger (2005) expand on Cinque’s hierarchy of nominal functional projections with this aim in mind.
Demonte (this volume). Many languages have a kind of augment on each adjective, and it seems that this may yield relatively free ordering: cf. the discussion of Greek (Alexiadou and Wilder 1998), Hawrami (Holmberg and Odden 2005), Chinese (Sproat and Shih 1991; Paul 2005), and other languages. Compare Sproat and Shih’s (1991) notion of “direct” versus “indirect” modiﬁcation. Adjective ordering 35 (32) Adjquantiﬁcation > Adjquality > Adjsize > Adjshape > Adjcolor > Adjnationality Scott (2002) expands on this, proposing the ﬁne-grained hierarchy in (33).
Artiﬁcial) nervous system = system of nerves (which is artiﬁcial) b. nervous artiﬁcial system = compositional only (39) a. (whole-wheat) French toast = fried battered bread breakfast dish (made with whole-wheat bread) b. French whole-wheat toast = compositional only Note that under the right circumstances, idioms in general can be disrupted by adjoined material. For example, ply X’s trade means “do X’s usual work”; it can be applied to activities in which the word trade would not be used otherwise, for example as in (40).
Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse by Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy