By Petra Sleeman, Freek Van de Velde, Harry Perridon
Even if the Germanic and Romance languages are branches of an identical language kinfolk and even supposing either have built the adjective as a separate syntactic and morphological type, the syntax, morphology, and interpretation of adjectives is in no way an analogous in those language teams, and there's even version inside all the language teams. one of many major goals of this quantity is to map the variations and similarities in syntactic habit, morphology, and that means of the Germanic and Romance adjective and to discover a solution to the next query: Are the (dis)similarities the results of self sufficient advancements in all the branches of the Indo-European language relatives, or are they because of language touch?
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Additional resources for Adjectives in Germanic and Romance
G. the development of sentential adverbs naturally “in a natural way” > “obviously”) and the rise of polyfunctionality and polysemy. 2 Tertiary attributes (modifiers of adjectives or adverbs) Use of Type A is not restricted to VP. Their belonging to informal spoken language, and even slang, is particularly evident with tertiary adverbs, that is, modifiers of modifiers (adjectives or adverbs), according to Jespersen’s (1992: 96–103) terminology. Really good is canonical, but real good is used in substandard.
Cambridge: CUP. Schoorlemmer, Erik. 2009. Agreement, Dominance and Doubling: The Morphosyntax of DP. D. dissertation, Leiden University. Schoorlemmer, Erik. 2012. Definiteness marking in Germanic: Morphological variations on the same syntactic theme. Journal of Comparative German Linguistics 15: 107–156. Sleeman, Petra. 2011. Verbal and adjectival participles: Internal structure and position. Lingua 121(10): 1569–1587. Sproat, Richard & Shih, Chilin. 1988. Prenominal adjective ordering in English and Mandarin.
The verb-modifying Type B variant hardly (5) is unusual. g. Fr. malement “badly”, vitement “fast”, petitement “a few”, chichement “poorly”. Hence, adverbs are lexical items that may develop individually (see Hummel & Kröll 2011), but the general tendency is to use Type B in standard or refined style. The fact that Type A and Type B forms that are based on the same adjective undergo differentiating specialization mirrors the coexistence and competition of both mechanisms. Consequently, Salazar García (2007) convincingly suggests replacing Hengeveld’s classificatory approach by (possibly coexisting) “flexible”, “differentiated” and “rigid” strategies for attributive (modifying) functions.
Adjectives in Germanic and Romance by Petra Sleeman, Freek Van de Velde, Harry Perridon