By Efstathios E. (Stathis) Michaelides
Substitute strength assets is designed to provide the reader, a transparent view of the function each one type of substitute power might play in delivering the power wishes of the human society within the close to destiny (20-50 years). the 2 first chapters on "energy call for and supply" and "environmental effects," set the tone as to why substitute power is key for the longer term. The 3rd bankruptcy offers the legislation of power conversion approaches, in addition to the constraints of changing one power shape to a different. The part on exergy provides a quantitative history at the capability/potential of every power resource to supply energy. The fourth, 5th and 6th chapters are expositions of fission and fusion nuclear strength, the ability crops which can produce energy from those assets and the problems that would body the general public debate on nuclear strength. the subsequent 5 chapters contain descriptions of the most typical renewable strength assets (wind, sunlight, geothermal, biomass, hydroelectric) a number of the much less universal assets (e.g. tidal and wave energy). The emphasis of those chapters can be at the international power of every resource, the engineering/technical structures which are utilized in harnessing the opportunity of every one resource, the technological advancements that might give a contribution to wider usage of the assets and environmental results linked to their wider use. The final 3 chapters are: "energy storage," so as to turn into an enormous factor if renewable power assets are used broadly. The fourteen chapters within the booklet were selected in order that one may go a semester collage direction round this publication. on the finish of each bankruptcy, there are 10-20 difficulties and 1-3 feedback of semester initiatives which may be assigned to scholars for extra examine.
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Extra resources for Alternative Energy Sources (Green Energy and Technology)
The situation is different in the transportation sector, which demands liquid fuels: crude oil and natural gas exist in only a few regions of the world and are in very high demand in Europe and North America. There is a significant trade in fluid hydrocarbons, both crude oil and natural gas, which primarily flow towards the OECD countries. The Middle East, the countries of the former Soviet Union and some countries of Latin America supply most of the crude oil and the natural 6 Hydrogen is not a renewable energy source.
The molecules and the total quantities of coal, petroleum and natural gas are finite. It is self-evident that, if we continue to mine them and use them for the production of energy, these fossil fuels will be exhausted at some point in the future. Therefore, the question for a society, which overwhelmingly relies on the fossil fuel resources for the production of its energy, is not if the resources will be exhausted but when the resources will be exhausted. One of the mitigating and rather fortunate factors for the human society is that, since 1950, with the advances of technology and the intensified exploration in all the Continents, new mineral energy resources have been discovered and many of these resources have been mined and exploited.
The various forms of coal, 14 1 Energy Demand and Supply Fig. 6 The primary energy sources that supplied the global demand between 1970 and 2010. The areas (from bottom to top) represent coal, petroleum, natural gas, wood and waste, electricity and other energy forms (data from Key World Energy Statistics, IEA, 2009) crude oil, natural gas, hydraulic energy and passive solar energy are among these forms. 2. Secondary energy forms are used by the consumers in a refined, processed form. The liquid petroleum products derived from crude oil, such as gasoline, diesel and kerosene; fuel from biomass; biodiesel; solar collector energy; and thermal geothermal are among the secondary energy forms.
Alternative Energy Sources (Green Energy and Technology) by Efstathios E. (Stathis) Michaelides