By Stephen R. Anderson
The 1st e-book to hide the grammar of clitics from all issues of view, together with their phonology, morphology, and syntax, and the 1st complete survey of clitic phenomena for two decades. Written with unheard of readability and in accordance with a path given to graduate scholars.
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Extra resources for Aspects of the Theory of Clitics (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
Z˙ aba ‘frog (fem. nom. )’; z˙ ab [p] (gen. ) b. głazy ‘stones’; głaz [s] lodowcowy ‘glacier stone’ 5 The regularities of Polish discussed below are formulated as traditional rules, following the presentation in Booij and Rubach (1987). They could also be expressed by rankings within a constraint system in an Optimality Theoretic framework, though such a reformulation seems unnecessary for my purposes here. ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ The Phonology of Cliticization 41 When the following word within the PPhrase begins with an obstruent, whatever effect Final Devoicing might have is of course obliterated by the operation of Voicing Assimilation.
I will return to the clitics of Kw akw ’ala in Chapter 4, where additional elements with the properties of “special” clitics will be discussed. There is considerably more to be said about the phonological dimension of cliticization before we move on to those syntactic matters, however. At this point I would like to return to the foundational issues of how to identify clitics, and how to disentangle the diverse senses in which something can be thought of meaningfully as deserving that designation.
I cannot attempt to do this, however, until I have developed a much fuller account of prosodic structure, especially in English, and its relation to syntactic structure. This task will be undertaken in Chapter 3 below, where we will see that it is ultimately possible to vindicate the claim that English reduced auxiliaries are indeed simple clitics. First, however, there are two other issues that must be addressed with respect to the overall ontology of clitics and related elements. One of these is to provide at least a sketch of the nature of the second major class of clitic elements, “special clitics,” and the other is to address the outward and visible signs by which clitics can be differentiated from morphological afﬁxes in practical terms.
Aspects of the Theory of Clitics (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Stephen R. Anderson